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Creating Practical Solutions with Problem-Based Learning Methodology


In today’s world, the traditional teaching methods fail to meet the needs of students. Students need to be more engaged and motivated in their learning process. Therefore, new and innovative teaching methodologies have emerged, one of which is the Problem-Based Learning (PBL) methodology. It is an approach to learning in which students work on the real-world problems to apply their knowledge and develop practical solutions. In this article, we will discuss the PBL methodology and how it can be used to create practical solutions.

What is Problem-Based Learning (PBL) Methodology?

PBL is a student-centered learning approach; it involves giving students a real-world problem or scenario, which they need to solve by working collaboratively in groups. Unlike traditional teaching methods, PBL considers students’ interests, engages their thinking and promotes the development of practical skills such as critical thinking, problem-solving, communication, and teamwork.

How PBL Works

PBL involves the following steps:

Step 1: Define the problem:

Students are given the real-world problem or scenario related to what they are learning.

Step 2: Investigate the problem:

Students work in groups to investigate the problem by gathering information needed to solve the problem. They can use various sources such as research papers, interviews, surveys etc.

Step 3: Analyze the problem:

Students evaluate the information they have gathered and determine the relevance and accuracy of the information. They also brainstorm possible solutions to the problem.

Step 4: Develop practical solutions:

Based on their analysis and research, students develop practical solutions to the problem, which they present to the class for feedback and discussion.

Step 5: Evaluate the solutions:

Students evaluate their solutions based on effectiveness and efficiency, considering factors such as cost, time, and resources.

Advantages of PBL Methodology

PBL has its advantages over traditional teaching methodologies, including:

Active Learning

PBL promotes active learning, where students take responsibility for their learning by researching, analyzing, and solving real-world problems collaboratively. It helps them develop critical thinking, problem-solving skills, communication, and teamwork ability needed in the real world.

Application of Knowledge

PBL methodology enables students to apply their knowledge to real-world situations. As students work on problem-solving collaboratively, they use their knowledge in a practical context, developing their understanding of the subject better.

Engagement and motivation

PBL methodology promotes student engagement and motivation, as they work on practical solutions that they can use in the real world. It makes learning fun and engaging.

Limitations of PBL Methodology

PBL has some limitations, including:

Requires Preparation

PBL requires considerable preparation by teachers, who need to design and develop relevant problems for students to solve. This may be time-consuming and might need extra training for the teachers, depending on their expertise in the field.

Difficult to assess

PBL involves complex tasks, and it can be difficult to assess students’ learning outcomes using traditional methods. Thus, the evaluation strategies may need to be tailored to measure students’ growth based on the tasks assigned.


PBL is an innovative and student-centered approach to teaching and learning, which encourages practical and real-world problem-solving skills. It provides students with an immersive and engaging learning experience and an opportunity to develop the skills that employers desire in a real-world setting. The practical solutions developed by students through PBL methodology can be applied to real-life situations, making PBL a valuable resource for learning and problem-solving.


Q1: What is Problem-Based Learning?

Problem-Based learning is a student-centered approach to learning where students work on real-world problems and scenarios. It encourages practical problem-solving skills, critical thinking, communication, and teamwork abilities in students.

Q2: What are the advantages of Problem-Based Learning?

Advantages of Problem-Based Learning include active learning, application of knowledge, student engagement, and motivation.

Q3: What are the limitations of Problem-Based Learning?

Limitations of Problem-Based Learning include the need for preparation and difficulty in assessment.

Q4: How can Problem-Based Learning be evaluated?

Problem-Based Learning can be evaluated through learning outcomes and evaluation strategies that measure students’ growth based on the tasks assigned.

Q5: How does Problem-Based Learning compare to traditional teaching?

Problem-Based Learning differs from traditional teaching methods in that it is more student-centered, promotes practical problem-solving skills and is more engaging and motivating for students.

Q6: Who can use Problem-Based Learning?

Problem-Based Learning can be used by anyone interested in enhancing their learning skills, including educators, organizations, and individuals.

Q7: What are the key steps involved in Problem-Based Learning?

The key steps involved in Problem-Based Learning include defining the problem, investigating the problem, analyzing the problem, developing practical solutions, and evaluating the solutions.


Barron, B. J., Schwartz, D. L., Vye, N. J., Moore, A., Petrosino, A., Zech, L., … & Bransford, J. D. (1998). Doing with understanding: Lessons from research on problem-and project-based learning. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 7(3-4), 271-311.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. W. H. Freeman and Company.

Savery, J. R., & Duffy, T. M. (1995). Problem-based learning: An instructional model and its constructivist framework. Educational technology, 35(5), 31-38.



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