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The Intense Training Regimen of a Sumo Wrestler

The Intense Training Regimen of a Sumo Wrestler

Sumo wrestling is a traditional Japanese sport that dates back to the 8th century. It is a form of competitive full-contact sport that requires a lot of strength, power, and stamina. To become a successful sumo wrestler, one must adhere to a strict training regimen that involves a combination of physical, mental, and dietary practices. This article will delve into the intense training regimen of a sumo wrestler and what it takes to become a successful sumo wrestler.

The Basics of Sumo Wrestling

Before you can understand the training regimen, it’s essential to understand the basics of sumo wrestling. Sumo wrestling takes place in a dohyo, a circular ring with a diameter of 4.5 meters or 14.8 feet. Two wrestlers, or rikishi, face each other in the ring and aim to push each other out of the ring or force their opponent to touch the ground with any part of their body other than their feet. Matches typically last for a few seconds, but they require an immense amount of physical power, endurance, and agility.

Diet and Nutrition

Sumo wrestlers consume a high-calorie diet that consists of foods that are rich in nutrients and protein. Sumo wrestlers typically consume up to 7,000 calories per day, which is twice the amount that an average adult requires. The majority of their meals consist of chankonabe, a stew made with vegetables, fish, meat, and tofu. Additionally, they consume large amounts of rice, beer, and other carbohydrate-rich foods to help them gain weight and increase their body mass.

Physical Training

The physical training of a sumo wrestler is intense and rigorous. Wrestlers typically wake up at 5 am and begin their first training session of the day. They spend hours doing various exercises, including push-ups, sit-ups, squats, and other strength training exercises. They also run and do cardio exercises to build their endurance and stamina. Additionally, they do sumo-specific drills, such as shiko and suriashi, to improve their footwork and balance.

Mental Training

Mental training is crucial for sumo wrestlers, as the sport requires intense concentration and focus. Sumo wrestlers practice meditation and other mindfulness techniques to help them stay focused and calm during matches. Additionally, they practice visualization and positive self-talk to help them feel confident and prepared for competitions.

Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation

Injuries are prevalent in sumo wrestling, and wrestlers must take measures to prevent and rehabilitate them. To prevent injuries, sumo wrestlers do stretching exercises and practice proper form during training. Additionally, they receive regular massages and chiropractic treatments to help alleviate pain and discomfort. In case of an injury, sumo wrestlers receive medical attention, and they may undergo physical therapy to aid the healing process.


The intense training regimen of a sumo wrestler is a combination of physical, mental, and dietary practices that are meant to build strength, endurance, and agility. Sumo wrestlers undergo rigorous physical and mental training, consume a high-calorie and protein-rich diet, and take measures to prevent and rehabilitate injuries. The sport requires discipline, hard work, and dedication, but it can be rewarding for those who are willing to put in the effort.


What is the average weight of a sumo wrestler?

The average weight of a sumo wrestler is around 330 pounds or 150 kilograms.

Can women participate in sumo wrestling?

Yes, women can participate in sumo wrestling. There are professional women’s sumo wrestling leagues in Japan and other countries.

How long does it take to become a professional sumo wrestler?

It takes around ten years of rigorous training to become a professional sumo wrestler.

How much do professional sumo wrestlers earn?

The earnings of professional sumo wrestlers vary based on their rank and performance in competitions. The top-ranked wrestlers can earn over a million dollars per year.

What are the health risks associated with sumo wrestling?

Sumo wrestling requires a lot of physical strain, which can lead to injuries such as joint pain, muscle strains, and fractures. Additionally, the high-calorie diet of sumo wrestlers can lead to health complications such as obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes.

Are sumo wrestlers considered athletes?

Yes, sumo wrestlers are considered athletes. They undergo rigorous physical and mental training and compete in a full-contact sport that requires strength, agility, and endurance.

What are the origins of sumo wrestling?

Sumo wrestling originated in Japan in the 8th century and has since become a popular sport in many countries around the world.


  1. “Sumo Wrestling: The Art of Size and Strategy.” LiveAbout, Dotdash, 7 Sept. 2021,
  2. “What Do Sumo Wrestlers Eat? A Look at Their High-Calorie Diets.” Live Science, 15 Feb. 2017,
  3. “Sumo Wrestling Training.” Japan Guide,


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